Private employers with 15 or more employees are covered under Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Title I requires covered employers to provide equal employment opportunities to qualified individuals with disabilities.
State and Local Government Employers
State and local governments are covered employers under the Americans with Disabilities Act regardless of how many employees they have. State and local governments are required to provide equal employment opportunities to qualified individuals with disabilities.
The Rehabilitation Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in federal employment, and in the employment practices of recipients of federal funds and many federal contractors. Although the complaint and administrative procedures differ slightly under the Rehab Act, the basic provisions and requirements are the same as those of the ADA. Court rulings in ADA cases and guidance materials on the ADA can be instructive in applying the provisions of the Rehabilitation Act.